Difference in Patent, Copyright and trademark

Are you confused about the difference in Trademark, Copyright and Patent? All these words seems to have a similar meaning but has a lot of difference. Let us understand the difference between the Trade Mark, Patent and Copyright.

Trademark or Trade Mark: Trademark is denoted as TM and is a type of symbol, logo, image, name, word or phrase. It is a distinctive sign used to identify a product or services. It is used to distinguish from other products or services. registered trade marks enjoy exclusive rights which can be enforced by way of an action for trademark infringement. The oldest continuously used trademark is owned by Zildjian, The cymbal and gong company in United States.

Copyright: Copyright is a legal concept enacted by Governments. Copyright gives the creator of an original work of authorship exclusive rights to control its distribution for a certain time period, after which the works enters in the public domain. Generally it is the right to copy but usually provides the author with some other special rights like right to be credited for work, who will get the financial benefit etc. Internationally Copyright has been standardized lasting between fifty to hundred years from the death of author. Generally copyright is enforced as a civil matter though some jurisdictions do apply criminal sanctions. Copyrights was first conceived by Governments in Europe to restrict printing. Copyright covers creative forms of works like poems, theses, movies, musical notes or compositions, Plays, dances, audio recordings, drawing, painting, sculptures, photographs, software etc.

Patent: Patent refers to a right granted to anyone who invent or discovers any new or useful process, article of manufacture, machine or any other useful improvement thereof. Patent restrict others from making, selling, offering for sale, or importing the patented invention for the term of the patent which is generally 20 years from the date of filing of patent. Like any other property right, patent can be sold, mortgaged, licenced, transferred or can be abandoned. Patent can be generally enforced through civil lawsuits. The rights conveyed by patent vary from country to country.

You can read more in detail about Patent, Trademark and Copyrights and other Intellectual Property Law at wikipedia

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